Bermuda Sod


Tifway 419 Bermuda is a dense, fine-textured, low-growing grass with a deep root system. Considered a vigorous grower, Tifway 419 establishes itself extremely quick adding to the benefits of its applications.

This warm-season turf grass requires full sun and has an excellent heat tolerance up to 110 degrees, wear resistance and will recover quickly if damaged. It has excellent cold and drought tolerance. Its disease-resistant qualities will help add many years to the life of your turf grass with fewer maintenance requirements.

Tifway 419 is dormant during the winter with rapid generation during the spring and summer seasons. It is widely used on golf courses, sports fields and commercial and residential lawns.

Wear Resistance

How resistant is the grass to normal usage?


Wear Recovery

How quickly will the grass repair itself?


Drought Tolerance

How quickly will the grass recover once it experiences drought?


Drought Recovery

How quickly will the grass recover once it experiences drought?


Heat Tolerance

How much heat can the grass endure?


Cold Tolerance

How much cold can the grass endure?


Shade Tolerance

How much shade can the grass endure?


Disease/Insect Resistant

How resistant is the grass to insects and disease?


*Chart is based on the comparison of varieties we produce and sell at Carolina Fresh Farms. Individual climate and soil type will affect the performance of each variety. Please call any one of our six retail outlets located throughout South Carolina for more information.


  • Has exceptional wear tolerance making it a great surface for fairways, athletic fields, high traffic areas and residential lawns.

  • Disease tendency is relatively low.

  • Adapts easily to varying climates and soil types.


  • Requires more maintenance (mowing and fertilization) than other warm-season varieties.

  • Unable to tolerate shade.

  • Creeps into flower beds, curbs and sidewalks.

Bermuda Care and Maintenance

With a little effort, hybrid Bermuda can be a very rewarding lawn to grow and maintain. Because Bermuda requires more nitrogen during the growing season than any other lawn grown in the Southeast, it is essential to choose higher-quality products that provide the desired amount of nitrogen without producing too much top growth.

The EXPO product listed below will provide ample nitrogen to the grass in a form which is more than 80 percent slow release. In addition to slow release nitrogen, this product also contains slow release potassium. Potassium is key in water movement and retention between plant cells, which lowers stress on the plant during hot, dry periods. In essence, this new 20-0-25 EXPO product will provide a lush green lawn which is much more tolerant to drought conditions.


Bermuda performs best when mowed closely, as close as 1 to 1 ½ inches if possible. This height of cut can be easily obtained as long as the lawn is smooth. If there are several irregularities in the grade, be careful not to scalp those areas. Scalping a lawn can cause damage to the crown of the plant. If the lawn is uneven, contact one of our retail outlet location for instructions on topdressing a lawn. In order for Bermuda to look its best, you should mow your lawn every five to seven days. This ensures that thatch will not become a problem and will help you avoid that “white” color of the lawn just after mowing.


Your lawn requires 1 to 1 ½ inches of water per week during the growing season. Irrigation of the lawn should be performed in the early morning hours just before daylight. This practice will avoid rapid evaporation of water before it reaches the lawn, yet allow the leaf tissue to dry quickly after the sun rises. Do not water your lawn every morning for short intervals. This process will only encourage shallow root growth. Instead, water your lawn for long periods two to three times a week.


Aeration has two purposes. The first is to simply loosen the soil. The second is to prune the roots. Core aeration is the recommended method and should be performed every two years on a typical home lawn during the growing season. If your lawn receives heavy foot traffic, it would be advisable to aerate every year. Aeration should be performed during the growing season.

Soil Basics

A practical understanding of your soil is essential in managing your lawn. Soil pH is perhaps the most crucial element. Most turf grasses perform best when the soil pH falls between 6.3 and 7.0. We recommend that a soil test is performed annually to check the pH values as well as other nutrient levels within the soil profile. Any Carolina Fresh Farms Turf Center will be happy to send your soil samples to our soil testing laboratory. Our soil testing program is a free service.

Customized Maintenance Program

  • February 21-March 15

    0-0-7 0.38 Percent Prodiamine prevents summer weeds such as crabgrass

  • March 15-April 15

    Take a soil sample; test for pH and fertility levels

  • April 15

    16-25-12 w/ MESA provides phosphorus for root growth

  • May 15-May 21

    16-0-8 0.38 Percent Barricade for nitrogen and more pre-emergent to extend control of summer weeds

  • May 15-May 21

    Aloft Insecticide controls grubs and other surface feeding insects

  • May 15-May 21

    Aloft Insecticide controls grubs and other surface feeding insects

  • June 1-June 15

    20-0-25 EXPO

  • July 7-July 21

    25-0-5 0.51 Percent MESA

  • August 7-August 21

    20-0-25 EXPO

  • October 1-October 21

    0-0-7 0.38 Percent Prodiamine prevents winter weeds such as Poa annua

Fertilizers and Disease Prevention

Pre-Emergent Herbicides are essential in providing a weed-free lawn. Never apply these products to a lawn which is not well-established.

Specialty Products

For spreader settings or any other fertilizer information, please call any of our retail outlet locations or go to

Sol-u-Cal is used to adjust soil pH. When applied at a rate of 12 pounds per 1,000 square feet, Sol-u-Cal will raise the pH as much as one point in as short as four to six weeks.

Headway controls a wider range of diseases than any other currently registered product, including dollar spot, brown patch and all other major turf diseases.

Pillar G is a combination of two effective ingredients used to control and prevent numerous turf diseases.

Heritage is excellent long-term preventative control of most diseases in turf.

Fire Ant Control

If you are experiencing fire ant problems within your lawn, please contact any one of our retail outlets. There are several ways to control these insects. Our experts will help to identify the best fire ant solution for your lawn.

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