Palmetto St. Augustine Sod

Characteristics

Palmetto St. Augustine grass is an improved variety of common St. Augustine whose origins can be traced back to the Atlantic coastal shores of Africa and the Americas. Palmetto was developed many years ago for its improved color and texture. Of all the warm-season turfgrasses available in the market today, Palmetto is still a leader in shade tolerance. This coarse texture, vigorously growing grass is an excellent choice for any residential lawn within the Coastal and Midland regions throughout South Carolina.

 

Versatile Turf Grass

Palmetto St. Augustine has a brilliant emerald-green color. The leaf blades are tapered at the tip with a rounded end and are soft to the touch. Considered a versatile turf grass, Palmetto performs well in full sun yet thrives in shaded areas where other grasses fail. Palmetto St. Augustine will grow in a variety of soil types and climate conditions. It can tolerate below-frost temperatures and will hold fall and winter color longer than other St. Augustine cultivars, Bermuda or Centipede. Its massive root system makes it drought tolerant once established.

The Palmetto St. Augustine variety boasts genetic purity and preservation. Only licensed turfgrass producers are authorized to grow Palmetto for sale. All licensed Palmetto production is monitored through ongoing quality control and quality assurance programs.

Advantages

  • Considered a low-maintenance grass.

  • Extremely tolerant of shade.

  • Is tolerant of drought (once established).

  • Its deep, massive root system allows for easy transplantation.

  • Holds fall and winter color longer than other St. Augustine varieties, Bermuda and Centipede.

  • Competitive against weeds.

Disadvantages

  • Becomes thin under dense shade conditions.

  • Needs weekly watering until established.

  • Susceptible to certain insects like chinch bugs and disease like gray leaf spot.

Wear Resistance

How resistant is the grass to normal usage?

GOOD

Wear Recovery

How quickly will the grass repair itself?

EXCELLENT

Drought Tolerance

How quickly will the grass recover once it experiences drought?

GOOD

Drought Recovery

How quickly will the grass recover once it experiences drought?

EXCELLENT

Heat Tolerance

How much heat can the grass endure?

EXCELLENT

Cold Tolerance

How much cold can the grass endure?

POOR

Shade Tolerance

How much shade can the grass endure?

EXCELLENT

Disease/Insect Resistant

How resistant is the grass to insects and disease?

POOR

*Chart is based on the comparison of varieties we produce and sell at Carolina Fresh Farms. Individual climate and soil type will affect the performance of each variety. Please call any one of our six retail outlets located throughout South Carolina for more information.

Caring and Maintenance


St. Augustine lawns are prone to many problems during the growing season. One of the major problems we see with a St. Augustine lawn is a customer using the inappropriate herbicides on their lawn. Before applying any herbicide, read the entire label and make certain that the product is labeled for St. Augustine. If your lawn species is not written on the label, do not assume that the product is safe.

Yet another problem with St. Augustine is fungus. There are two fungus problems which become evident on most St. Augustine lawns during the warmer months of the summer. The first fungus is gray leafspot. This fungus presents small circular lesions on the leaves. Although unsightly, gray leafspot is not life-threatening to the lawn. Brown patch, however, has become a major disease on the lawn during mid to late summer. Brown patch will look as if someone poured hot oil on the lawn the night before. Within a few days, these areas will die and the infected area will continue to grow in size. Both of these fungus problems are easy to treat with a granular fungicide.

Mowing

St. Augustine performs best when mowed between 2 and 3 inches. This height of cut should be easily obtained so long as the lawn is smooth. If there are several irregularities in the grade, be careful not to scalp certain areas. Scalping a lawn could cause damage to the crown of the plant. If the lawn is uneven, please contact a Carolina Fresh Farms representative for instructions on topdressing a lawn.

Watering

St. Augustine lawns require 1 to 1 ½ inches of water per week during the growing season. Irrigation of the lawn should be performed in the early hours of the morning just before daylight. This practice will avoid any rapid evaporation of water before it reaches the lawn, yet allow the leaf tissue to dry quickly after the sun rises. Do not water your lawn every morning for short intervals. This process will only encourage shallow root growth. Instead, water your lawn for long periods two to three times a week.

Aeration

Aeration has two purposes. The first is to simply loosen the soil. The second is to prune the roots. Core aeration is the recommended method and should be performed every two years on a typical home lawn during the growing season. If your lawn receives heavy foot traffic, it would be advisable to aerate every year. Aeration should be performed during the growing season.

Soil Basics

A practical understanding of your soil is essential in managing your lawn. Soil pH is perhaps the most crucial element. Most turf grasses perform best when the soil pH falls between 6.3 and 7.0. We recommend that a soil test is performed annually to check the pH values as well as other nutrient levels within the soil profile. Any Carolina Fresh Farms Turf Center will be happy to send your soil samples to our soil testing laboratory. Our soil testing program is a free service.

Customized Maintenance Program


  • February 21-March 15

    0-0-7 0.38 Percent Prodiamine prevents summer weeds such as crabgrass

  • March 15-April 30

    Take a soil sample; test for pH and fertility levels

  • April 1-May 15

    Use any fungicide

  • May 15-May 21

    16-0-8 0.38 Percent Barricade provides nitrogen and more pre-emergent to extend control of summer weeds

  • May 15-May 21

    Aloft Insecticide

  • June 1-June 15

    20-0-25 EXPO

  • August 1-August 15

    6-1-11 7 Percent Fe produces green color w/out flushing top growth late in the season

  • August 15-September 15

    Headway, Heritage or Pillar; must rotate between these products

  • October 1-October 21

    0-0-7 0.38 Percent Prodiamine prevents winter weeds such as Poa annua

Fertilizers and Disease Prevention


Pre-Emergent Herbicides are essential in providing a weed-free lawn. Never apply these products to a lawn which is not well-established.

Specialty Products

For spreader settings or any other fertilizer information, please call any of our retail outlet locations or go to lebsea.com.

Sol-u-Cal is used to adjust soil pH. When applied at a rate of 12 pounds per 1,000 square feet, Sol-u-Cal will raise the pH as much as one point in as short as four to six weeks.

Headway controls a wider range of diseases than any other currently registered product, including dollar spot, brown patch and all other major turf diseases.

Pillar G is a combination of two effective ingredients used to control and prevent numerous turf diseases.

Heritage is excellent long-term preventative control of most diseases in turf.

Fire Ant Control

If you are experiencing fire ant problems within your lawn, please contact any one of our retail outlets. There are several ways to control these insects. Our experts will help to identify the best fire ant solution for your lawn.

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