Royal Zoysia Sod


Royal Zoysia grass is a warm-season turf noted for its fine texture, excellent green color and lower growth habits. Royal Zoysia was developed by Texas A&M University and released for sale in 2001, making it one of the newest fine-textured zoysia grasses available. Just like many other zoysia grasses, Royal will grow in partially shaded areas but prefers full sun. Royal is an excellent choice for a homeowner who wants a well-manicured lawn to complement their formal landscape.

Royal Zoysia is distinguished from other Zoysia grasses by its fine texture, high rhizome and tiller density, excellent salt tolerance, shade tolerance and rapid regrowth and recovery from damage. Although Royal can be mowed up to 3″, it will tolerate lower mowing heights down to 1/2″. It generally has sufficient winter hardiness and is suitable for sports fields, fairways, tee boxes and home lawns.


  • Has excellent fall color retention and early spring green up.

  • Somewhat resistant to disease.

  • Very competitive with weeds.

  • Moderate to low water requirements.


  • Slower growing when compared to other Zoysias such as Palisades.

  • Establishes slowly.

  • Although it tolerates drought, Royal will turn brown and go dormant without frequent watering during prolonged dry spells.

Wear Resistance

How resistant is the grass to normal usage?


Wear Recovery

How quickly will the grass repair itself?


Drought Tolerance

How quickly will the grass recover once it experiences drought?


Drought Recovery

How quickly will the grass recover once it experiences drought?


Heat Tolerance

How much heat can the grass endure?


Cold Tolerance

How much cold can the grass endure?


Shade Tolerance

How much shade can the grass endure?


Disease/Insect Resistant

How resistant is the grass to insects and disease?


*Chart is based on the comparison of varieties we produce and sell at Carolina Fresh Farms. Individual climate and soil type will affect the performance of each variety. Please call any one of our six retail outlets located throughout South Carolina for more information.

Caring and Maintenance

Zoysia grass has the potential to be the best-looking grass in the neighborhood. Today there are as many as a dozen varieties easily available to the consumer. Carolina Fresh Farms currently grows four varieties. Cavalier and Palisades are the two newest varieties cultivated on our farm. Each one of these varieties has different appearances and characteristics. Due to the ease of maintenance, Palisades is quickly becoming our largest seller. This variety may be maintained on a minimal fertility schedule yet retain the beauty of a typical Zoysia lawn. It has a wide blade which tends to be easier to mow with a conventional mower. Cavalier is narrow-bladed grass similar to Emerald. Both of these varieties were developed for improved shade tolerance and minimal thatch accumulation. Regardless of the variety you are growing, beware of quick release fertilizers which yield excessive of top growth and thatch accumulation.


Zoysia grass performs best when mowed closely. We suggest that your lawn be mowed as close as 1 to 1 ½ inches if possible. This height of cut should be easily obtained so long as the lawn is smooth. If there are severe irregularities in the grade, be careful not to scalp certain areas. Scalping a lawn could cause damage to the crown of the plant. If the lawn is uneven, please contact a Carolina Fresh Farms representative for instructions on topdressing a lawn. In order for Zoysia to look its best, it is mandatory that your lawn be mowed every seven to 10 days. This ensures that thatch will not become a problem and help you avoid that “white” color of the lawn just after mowing.


Zoysia grass requires 1 to 1 ½ inches of water per week during the growing season. Irrigation of the lawn should be performed in the early hours of the morning just before daylight. This practice will avoid any rapid evaporation of water before it reaches the lawn, yet allow the leaf tissue to dry quickly after the sun rises. Do not water your lawn every morning for short intervals. This process will only encourage shallow root growth. Instead, water your lawn for long periods two to three times a week.


Aeration has two purposes. The first is to simply loosen the soil. The second is to prune the roots. Core aeration is the recommended method and should be performed every two years on a typical home lawn during the growing season. If your lawn receives heavy foot traffic, it would be advisable to aerate every year. Aeration should be performed during the growing season.

Soil Basics

A practical understanding of your soil is essential in managing your lawn. Soil pH is perhaps the most crucial element. Most turf grasses perform best when the soil pH falls between 6.3 and 7.0. We recommend that a soil test is performed annually to check the pH values as well as other nutrient levels within the soil profile. Any Carolina Fresh Farms Turf Center will be happy to send your soil samples to our soil testing laboratory. Our soil testing program is a free service.

Customized Maintenance Program

  • February 21-March 15

    0-0-7 0.38 Percent Prodiamine prevents summer weeds such as crabgrass

  • March 15-April 30

    Take a soil sample; test for pH and fertility levels

  • April 1-May 15

    Use any fungicide; must rotate between products

  • April 15

    16-25-12 w/ MESA provides phosphorus for root growth

  • May 15-May 21

    16-0-8 0.38 Percent Barricade provides nitrogen and more pre-emergent to extend control of summer weeds

  • May 15-May 21

    Use Aloft Insecticide 

  • June 21-July 1

    20-0-25 EXPO 1 Percent Fe (5# per 1,000 sq. ft.) provides nitrogen

  • August 1-August 15

    6-1-11 7 Percent Fe produces green color w/out flushing top growth late in the season

  • August 15-September 15

    Headway, Heritage or Pillar; must rotate between these products

  • October 1-October 21

    0-0-7 0.38 Percent Prodiamine prevents winter weeds such as Poa annua

Fertilizers and Disease Prevention

Pre-Emergent Herbicides are essential in providing a weed-free lawn. Never apply these products to a lawn which is not well-established.


Over the past few years, many lawn professionals have observed large patch disease in Zoysia lawns in both the late fall and early spring. This disease is similar to brown patch in fescue which is prevalent throughout the Carolinas. In order to protect the investment in your lawn, you will need an application of fungicide in the fall as well as the spring.

Alternative Products

Due to the increasing price of fertilizer, we are offering a 25-0-5 and 20-0-5 for consumers. Before you switch from the EXPO product to one of these lesser priced alternatives, please consult one of our staff members.

Bifenthrin may be used in place of Aloft only if you have no current or past grub problems.

Pre-Emergent Herbicides are essential in providing a weed-free lawn. Never apply these products to a lawn which is not well-established.

Fire Ant Control

If you are experiencing fire ant problems within your lawn, please contact any one of our retail outlets. There are several ways to control these insects. Our experts will help to identify the best fire ant solution for your lawn.

Specialty Products

For spreader settings or any other fertilizer information, please call any of our retail outlet locations or go to

Sol-u-Cal is used to adjust soil pH. When applied at a rate of 12 pounds per 1,000 square feet, Sol-u-Cal will raise the pH as much as one point in as short as four to six weeks.

Headway controls a wider range of diseases than any other currently registered product, including dollar spot, brown patch and all other major turf diseases.

Pillar G is a combination of two effective ingredients used to control and prevent numerous turf diseases.

Heritage is excellent long-term preventative control of most diseases in turf.

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