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Bermuda Care and Maintenance

With a little effort, hybrid Bermuda can be a very rewarding lawn to grow and maintain. Because Bermuda requires more nitrogen during the growing season than any other lawn grown in the Southeast, it is essential to choose higher-quality products that provide the desired amount of nitrogen without producing too much top growth.

The EXPO product listed below will provide ample nitrogen to the grass in a form which is more than 80 percent slow release. In addition to slow release nitrogen, this product also contains slow release potassium. Potassium is key in water movement and retention between plant cells, which lowers stress on the plant during hot, dry periods. In essence, this new 20-0-25 EXPO product will provide a lush green lawn which is much more tolerant to drought conditions.

Seasonal Maintenance for Bermuda



March 15 - April 15

Take a soil sample; test for pH and fertility levels

April 15

16-25-12 w/ MESA provides phosphorus for root growth

May 15 - May 21

16-0-8 0.38 Percent Barricade for nitrogen and more pre-emergent to extend control of summer weeds. Aloft Insecticide controls grubs and other surface feeding insects



June 1 - June 15

20-0-25 EXPO

July 7 - July 21

25-0-5 0.51 Percent MESA

August 7 - August 21

20-0-25 EXPO



October 1 - October 30

0-0-7 0.38 Percent Prodiamine prevents winter weeds such as Poa annua



February 21 - March 15

0-0-07 0.38 Percent Prodiamine prevents summer weeds such as crabgrass

Maintenance Tips for Bermuda


Bermuda performs best when mowed closely, as close as 1 to 1 ½ inches if possible. This height of cut can be easily obtained as long as the lawn is smooth. If there are several irregularities in the grade, be careful not to scalp those areas. Scalping a lawn can cause damage to the crown of the plant. If the lawn is uneven, contact one of our retail outlet location for instructions on topdressing a lawn. In order for Bermuda to look its best, you should mow your lawn every five to seven days. This ensures that thatch will not become a problem and will help you avoid that “white” color of the lawn just after mowing.


Your lawn requires 1 to 1 ½ inches of water per week during the growing season. Irrigation of the lawn should be performed in the early morning hours just before daylight. This practice will avoid rapid evaporation of water before it reaches the lawn, yet allow the leaf tissue to dry quickly after the sun rises. Do not water your lawn every morning for short intervals. This process will only encourage shallow root growth. Instead, water your lawn for long periods two to three times a week.


Aeration has two purposes. The first is to simply loosen the soil. The second is to prune the roots. Core aeration is the recommended method and should be performed every two years on a typical home lawn during the growing season. If your lawn receives heavy foot traffic, it would be advisable to aerate every year. Aeration should be performed during the growing season.

Soil Basics

A practical understanding of your soil is essential in managing your lawn. Soil pH is perhaps the most crucial element. Most turf grasses perform best when the soil pH falls between 6.3 and 7.0. We recommend that a soil test is performed annually to check the pH values as well as other nutrient levels within the soil profile. Any Carolina Fresh Farms Turf Center will be happy to send your soil samples to our soil testing laboratory. Our soil testing program is a free service. All you need to do is bring in 2 - 3 cups of soil into the Carolina Fresh Farms outlet and we'll be able to help.

Specialty Products

For spreader settings or any other fertilizer information, please call any of our retail outlet locations or go to Sol-u-Cal is used to adjust soil pH. When applied at a rate of 12 pounds per 1,000 square feet, Sol-u-Cal will raise the pH as much as one point in as short as four to six weeks. Headway controls a wider range of diseases than any other currently registered product, including dollar spot, brown patch and all other major turf diseases. Pillar G is a combination of two effective ingredients used to control and prevent numerous turf diseases. Heritage is excellent long-term preventative control of most diseases in turf.

Fire Ant Control

If you are experiencing fire ant problems within your lawn, please contact any one of our retail outlets. There are several ways to control these insects. Our experts will help to identify the best fire ant solution for your lawn.

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