Types of Paving Stones
Building a paved patio, walkway or other features such as a stone fire pit or retaining wall is a great way to add depth and appeal to an otherwise plain yard. However, before deciding on anything, it’s important to know your options from material choice to color selection, size, shape and pattern.
Before making your final selection, be sure the type of paver you choose will work with your particular project. Some pavers are more suitable for certain applications and not so much for others. For example, pavers used for a driveway, compared to garden pavers, need to be strong and durable.
The most common types of paving stone are natural stone and concrete.
Natural stone is an ideal paving material. It is durable, strong and can withstand any climate. Available in a variety of colors, sizes and shapes, natural stone can be used in many ways: garden steps, pathways, patios, driveways, pool surrounds and garden borders.
Manufactured to resemble natural stone, concrete pavers are generally less expensive, durable and weatherproof.
Hardscaping with Flagstone
Flagstone is a generic description of flat stone that is most often used in building and landscaping. It is a sedimentary stone that can be split into thin layers, allowing it to be used in many applications. Flagstone is usually a sandstone and contains feldspar and quartz. Most people recognize flagstone by its split-surface and uneven border, giving it a natural look.
Flagstone comes in a variety of colors and sizes and its irregular design gives flagstone a unique appearance.
Flagstone typically ranges in thickness from 0.5 to 2 inches. Many experts recommend a thickness of at least 1 inch for surfaces that require weight or will sustain wear, such as those that people will walk or sit. The slabs usually are cut or broken into irregular shapes.
There are several advantages of flagstone.
Flagstone is one of the best materials to use for patios because of its narrowly packed joints that allow water to permeate rather than running off. Due to their shape and earthy shades of browns, reds, grays and blues, use of flagstone for patios give a very natural, organic look.
The most common types of flagstone used for paving patios are sandstone, slate and limestone.
Also, flagstone can be used to create a formal or informal patio. Using cut stones in a repeating pattern will give your patio a more formal look while irregular stones laid randomly will create a more informal look.
The natural nonslip textured surface of flagstone make it a good choice for walkways.
Place cut flagstones in an offset rectangular pattern. This will create a formal-looking walkway.
The natural shape of flagstone will create a more casual look to a walkway. To define the edges, cut the stone or shape them to curve.
Using flagstone in its original form, without cutting or shaping, creates a more natural look. The stones should be placed far apart with ground cover in between. This will allow the stones to integrate nicely with the landscape.
Utilizing the array of earthy colors of flagstone and accentuating those characteristics will make a walkway the focal point of the garden.
Flagstone set with a mixture of cement, sand and water is called mortared flagstone. When using mortared flagstone, the stones are set securely in place creating a smooth, even walking surface.
Flagstones do not have to be mortared. They can be placed on a prepared subbase of dirt or compacted gravel and sand. Compared to mortared flagstone, this option is more cost-effective.
Pavestone’s collection of pavers, retaining walls, interlocking patio stones and edging are an ideal choice for use in your landscape.
Pavestone uses high-quality pigment to color its concrete pavers, and manufactures them in compliance with industry standards. The face colors of many Pavestone pavers are achieved by using propriety color formulas and processes developed by Pavestone.
Pavestone manufactures two types of pavers, through mix and face mix. For through mix pavers, the pigment is distributed throughout the entire paver. Pavers with face mix consist of two layers: the face mix, which contains the pigment, and the base mix (generally without any pigment).
By using a face mix, Pavestone can offer pavers in some colors it’s unable to manufacture using a thorough mix. The face mix is typically about 7 to 10 millimeters thick – thick enough to offer a lifetime of wear. Pavers with through mix and those with face mix will react similarly to surface changes that result from weathering and use.
There are several advantages of flagstone.
We have a selection of Pavestone products in stock and can also special order. (Pavestone products cannot be ordered direct from the manufacturer.)
Pavestone’s Material Project Estimator (http://www.pavestone.com/estimators/) will help determine how much product you will need.
Pavestone recommends using a 3″ masonry chisel and a hand sledgehammer as well as a guillotine splitter. Some products, such as patio stone, edging products and wall products, can be cut with a circular saw and a masonry blade. For more precise cuts, Pavestone recommends using a wet saw with a diamond tip blade. (Because of the strength and quality of Pavestone pavers, a masonry blade will wear down in just one or two cuts.)
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